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THE MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS IN EDUCATION

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vviAH^:==J_j!|VEW KEYSTONE UNITS AMERICAN HISTORY

Frontiers of America - Four Units

The Atlantic Frontier

The Frontier beyond the AUeghenies

The Frontier beyond the Mississippi

Also Ready

The Frontier beyond the Rockies

American Textiles Four Units Democracy Arms Two Units

, . ^ ^ IJwenty-five Lantern Slides in Each Unit - Eight in Color

Pictorial Material Organized and Teachers' Manuals Prepared under the Direction of Dr. Earl W. Hildreth

Complete Title Lists Furnished upon Request

Keystone View Company

MEADVILLE, PENNA

December, 1941

Page 445

Index to Volume XX (1941)

DIVERSITORIALS No. Page

A Letter to the U. S. Post Office A Matter of Typography At Least a Second Term The Program Reprinted The National Film Evaluation Project Feb. 50

The Boston Business Meeting Three "New" Departments

Summer Courses in Visual Instruction June 230

FORMAL ARTICLES (Arranged Alphabetically by Authors)

Bearl, Herbert, Technical Films in the Camp Program May 196

Berg, Esther L., Use of Filmstrip to Assist Retarded Readers. Sept. 281

Bronvn, Evelyn S., A School-Made Film Which Stands on Its

Own Feet Apr. 144

Cobbn, Carl T., Use of Natural Science Sound Films in Pri- mary Grades Feb. 57

De BervardU, Amo, Audio- Visual Aids and National Defense. Feb. 55

Dickter, M. Richard, How to Choose a Still Camera Jan. 11

Edland, Wayne, Air Your School Sept. 282

Ellis, Pauline. J., and Larson, L. C, National Film Evaluation

Cards Adapted to the Needs of an Extension Library. . . .June 239

Emmert, Wilber, History and Geography Integrated through a

Study Travel Workshop Course Nov.

Fiaschetti, Frank J., School Movies to Educate the Public. . . -Nov.

Qlenn, W. Edgar, and Gordon, James L., An Assembly Project

Developed by School Photographic Clubs Jan.

Goodman, Louis S., Film Forum: A Technique in Adult Edu- cation Oct.

Gregory, William M., Audio-Visual Aids to Elementary In- struction in a Small City Nov.

Haskew, L. D., Sound Recordings for School Use May

Holland, B. F., and Nctterville, Dora O., Motion Pictures

Uiiliztd in Collegt English Dec.

Jayne, Clarence D., Making Pictures Teach May 191, June

Knowlton, Daniel C, The Factor of Selection in the Use of

n . .1 Aid- Feb.

Kroms, Arthur Edwin, Motion Pictures Not for Theatres Jan. 15. Feb. 61. Mar. 107, Apr. 150, May 198, June 241, .«ept. 284, Oct. 333, Nov. 383, Dec. 427.

Kruglak, Haym, The Specialized Field Trip Oct.

Lee, Kathleen L., Democracy at Work through Visual Edu- cation June

Livermon, Ruth, Living with Chinese Children Sept,

Balstrom, U. W., Student Operation of Visual Education

Equipment June

UUler, Clyde K., Jack Finds a Way Mar.

UUler, Earl B., Combining Motion Pictures with Slides and

Sound Apr.

Mogan, Martha, Audio-Visual Education in the Small Wo- man's Junior College May

Olsen, Edward O., Community Study Is Realistic Education. June 244

Palmer, Harris C., A Filmstrip for School Community Re- lations Oct.

Palomo, J. R., The Sound Film: A Challenge to Language

Teachers Mar.

Perkins, Enrle B., Biological Film Production at Rutgers .... Feb.

Post, tturiel. Educating for Patriotism Mar.

Ray, Frances B., Selecting Films for Children's Programs. .Nov.

Roberts, Alvin B., The Nation, Our Campus Jan.

Ten Commandments and a Film Oct.

Thomas, Charles R., A Visual and Sound Section for a College

General Extension Division Nov.

Yeblen, Paul, and Eissack, R. A. Jr., Minnesota's Growing

Visual Education Service Jan.

Wagner, William S., Between the Lines Dec.

Wattenberg, William W., Education through Socially Useful

Work Oec.

Winchell, Lawrence R., Values of Visual Aids in Reading. . Dec. THE DEPARTMENT OF VISUAL INSTRUCTION (Conducted by Jahss D. Finn)

Program Winter Meeting of DVI at Atlantic City Mem- bership Roster Notes Jan. 21-24

To the Members Two Letters Notes Feb. 69-71

Proceedings of the Winter Meeting of the D. V. I.

The Challenge of the Unsolved Problems (Paul C. Reed) Education in Defense of Democracy (Ralph W. Tyler) The Wartime Use of Motion Pictures in Britain (Rick' ard R. Ford) The Latest Survey of College and High School Motion Picture Equipment (Nathan D. Golden) Criteria for Selecting Motion Picture Projection Equip- ment (John A. Maurer) Mar. 110-19

How Can We Bring about Better Utilization of Visual Materials! (Ford L. Lemler) What Visual Aids Are Schools Producing! (William O. Hart)— The Visual Aids We Have for Defense Education (Blake Cochran) Free Materials A Blessing or a Blight for Education! (O. H. Coelln, Boyd B. Rakestraw, Godfrey Elliott, Ernest R. LaFollette, WiSiam H. Hartley, Donald W. Smith) Min- utes of the Meeting of the Committee on Field Experi- ences Apr. 153-161

Nominating Committee Summer Meeting Insignia Notes . Apr. 164

The Zonal Plan Takes Shape To the Members Notes. ... May 204-07

A Proposal for Closer Coordination between the DVI and the NEA Program of Summer Meeting at Boston Member- ship Roster Notes June 245-49

The President's Letter Minutes of Executive Committee Meet- ing, Boston Minutes of Annual Business Meeting DVI Officers for 1941-42 Notes Sept. 293-94

Zone VII Announces Its First Official DVI Zone Meeting A Resolution William H, Gregory Retires; Max R. Klein Succeeds Oct. 340

The Zonal Organization Zone Activities Nov. 391

Miscellaneous Notes Dec. 430

THE LITERATURE IN VISUAL INSTRUCTION

(Conducted by Etta Schnkidkr) History, Trends, Principles of Visoal Edocation

Role of Visual Materials in Education (Edgar Dale, Cal. Jl. Sec. Ed.); Audio-Visual Aids: Relation to Learning Process (H. H. Ha-

386 380

13 330

375 193

418 233

53

341

231 278

236 104

148 194

329

106 59 102 378 5 826

382

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423

425 421

Bound Pviodical

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worth. Sierra Ed. News) Mar. 120. . . Notes on the Historical Back- ground of Visual Education (M. M. Brien, Ed.) Apr. 174. . . Trends in Audio- Visual Aids (Ward Bowen, N. T. Ed.); Educational Impli- cations of Motion Pictures (W. W. Whiltinghill, Mich. Ed. Jl) May 202. . . The Public Arts and Democracy (Edgar Dale, High Pts) ; Edu- cational Use of Motion Pictures Grows Apace (Sch. & Soc.) ^Oct. 343. . . Recent Trends in Visual Instruction (G. F. Johnson, Jl, Biol. Photog. Assn.) Nov. 388.

Administration of Visual Aids, Equipment

Why Certain Difficulties Are Encountered in Handling School Films (B. A, Aughinbaugh, Ohio Sch.) ; How Greenwich Manages Its School Films (Eleanor Child, Amer. Sch. Bd. Jl.) ; Man Who Launched Visual Education in Rural Schools of Texas (H. T. Musselman, Tex. Outlook) . Jan. 20; Movie Projectors (Consumers Union); Commercial Motion Picture Production with 16mm Equipment (/. A. Maurer, Jl. S.M.P.B.) Jan. 30. . . .Cooperative Film Library Movement (H. A. Gray, Sch. Mgmt.); Celluloid Servants (R. R. While, Me. Tchr. Dig.); Visual Aid Experiment in Southwest Virginia (/. R. Silverman), Making Way for Audio- Visual Education (W. H. Bowen, Jr.) (Va. Jl. Ed.) Feb. 67. ... A Proposed Visual Program for California (H. if. Mo- Pherson), Ventura County's Program of Visual Education (Persia Hamilton) (Cal. Jl.)— Mar. 120. ... A Director of Visual Instruc- tion (Roy Wenger, Soc. Studies) ; Equipping a Room for Visual In- struction (W. T. Kutsche, Ed.); Modern Visual Education at Work (L. W. Olson, Minn. Jl. Ed.) Apr. 174. . . . Visual Education Pro- gram (R. F. Blankenbaker, Sch. & Com.); Projecting Motion Pictures in the Classroom (F. W. Noel, Amer. Council Ed.); Audio- Visual Resources (A. Yander Meer-J . W. Brown), Needed: A Visual Director (G. Jensen) (Wash. Ed. Jl.)— May 202. . . . The County Film Li- brary: A Handbook (Godfrey Elliott); Cooperative Film Exchange (L. B. WestfaU, N. Y. Ed.)— June 252. ... Use of Visual and Audi- tory Aids in CCC Camps (H. W. Oxley, Sch. Life) Sept. 298. . . . Visual Aids Club (Don Williams, CI. House) ; There's No Excuse for Not Using Visual Aids (C. T. Smith, Sch. Exec); Recommended Pro- cedure and Equipment Specifications for Educational 16mm Projeo- tion (.II. S.M.P.E.) Nov. 388-89. . . . The School Librarian and the Audio-Visual Program (Thelma Kidd, Va. Jl. Ed.) Dec. 431.

Techniques of Utilization mnd Teachers Guides

Visualizing Astronomy (Ruth Livermon, Scholastic) ; A Housing Study (J. C. Baumgartner, Soc. Ed.); Use of Newer Types of Instruc- tional Materials (Lillian Lamoreaux, Yrbk. Dept. Supvr. and Dir. of Instruction NEA) Jan. 20, 30. . . . Curriculum Implications of Mo- tion Pictures (C. F. Hoban, Jr., Cur. Jl.); Use of Films in the First Grade (M. Wheeler, Wash. Ed. Jl.) ; Classroom Use of Films (Roy Wenger, Soc. Studies); How Teachers Use Movies (iff. R. FinehE. D. Child, Movie Makers) Feb. 66. . . . Use of Motion Pictures as Cur- riculum Aid (LiUian Lamoreaux), Using Visual Aids in a Social Sci- ence Unit (H. C. WaltersF. W. Noel), Audio-Visual Materials in Mod- ern Instruction (Gardner Hart) (Cal. .11. Sec. Ed.) ; Pictures in Social Studies Teaching (L. S. March, Soc. Ed.) Mar. 120-1. . . . Library Film Forums on National Defense (Alice Bryan, Lib. Jl.) ; The Film in the English Class (K. Helfer-R. Rosiny, Eng. Jl.) ; Teaching Amer- icanism through Use of Filmstrip (Camilla Best, Ed.) ; A Follow-up Survey through Visual Aids (H. L. Cleland, Occupations); How to Explore for Visual Materials (iforton Israel, Cal. ,71. Sec. Ed.) Apr. 174. . . . Toward an Enlightened Patriotism (Edgar Dale, News Let- ter) ; Use of Visual Materials in Elementary Science (Mary Steel, Sci. Ed.) May 202-3 . . . Audio-Visual Aids for Rural Schools (Etta Schneider, Cur. Jl.) ; Visual Education and the Deaf (W. J. McClure, Amer. Annals of Deaf) ; Use of Visual Aids in Teaching Tennis (F. L. Hupprich, Jl. Hlth & Phys. Ed.); Movie Discussion Guides, Defense Digest Series; June 252,254. . . . Relating Modern Language Study to the Environment (Laura Johnson, Sch. Rev.) ; Visualizing a Unit in Social Studies (A. D. Kramer, Ohio Sch.) Sept. 298. . . . Talk about Films (Philip UcConnell, Jl. Adult Ed.) Nov. 389.

Research and Evaluation

Teaching Conservation of Natural Resources through Motion Pic- tures (Effie Bathurst, Sec. Ed.) ; Visual Aids Handbook (State Col- lege Wash.) Feb. 67. . . . Sound Films for Reading Programs (H. A. Gray, Sch. Exec.) ; Review of Educational Research in Visual Educa- tion (Edgar DaleC. F. Hoban, Jr., Ency. Ed. Res.) ; Audio- Visual Aids and the Democratic Process (Etta Schneider, Ed.); Silent vs. Sound Films (M. H. Cowan, High Pts.) ; Relation of Reading to Other Forms of Learning (Edgar Dale, Amer, Council on Ed.) ; Relative Value of Sound and Silent Motion Pictures in Science Teaching (R. W. Mane- val, Sci. Ed.) ; Educational Motion Pictures E>'aluated by Children (Florence Taylor, Ed.) ; Criteria for Production and Selection of Visual Aids (David J. Goodman, Ed.) Apr. 174-6. . . . Study of a Micro- projector as a Teaching Aid (Edith Breehbill, Sci. Ed.)) Sept. 298. . . . Evaluation and Use of Sound Films (H. A. Gray, El. Sch. Jl.) ; Teacher-Pupil Appraisals of 150 Science and Mathematics Films (Lyle F. Stewart, Sch. Sci. & Math.) Dec. 431.

Teacher Training "E*^ 1 |34Z

Some First Steps (W. Gayle Starnes, Scholastic) Jan. 30. . . . Adequate Training for a Director of Audio-Visual Education (James D. Finn, Ed.) ; A Neglected Factor in the Use of Audio- Visual Aids (W. Gayle Starnes, Ed.) Apr. 176. . . . Need for Teacher Training in Visual Education (R. if. White, Bui. Natl. Assn. Sec. Sch. Prin.) Sept. 298.

Excursions, Museums, Exhibits, Pictures, Maps, Cartoons

Use of Maps in Classroom (Arthur Carthew, Bus. Ed. World) ; The Map as Educational Instrument ((/. T. Reriner, Koc. Ed.); Pictures in a Small Library (C. J. Gigani, Wilson Lib. Bui.) ; Pictures Teach His- tory (C. Stegmeir, Soc. Studies) Jan. 30. , . . Enid's Museum Is Pride of High School Students (J. O. Bumpus, Jl. Ark. Ed.) ; Use of a Museum in Hygiene Classes (L. J. Cahn, Jl. Hlth. & Phys. Ed.) ; Tech- nique of Exhibits (Eliz. Eiselen, Jl. Geog.) Feb. 66. . . . Technique of the Field Trip (L. W. Kindred-0. W. Stephenson, Soc. Ed.) Mar. 120. . . . The Museum of Natural History and the Public Schools (Ohas. Russell, The Prin.) ; Field Trips Develop Community Interest (L. R. WincheU, Ed.) ; Excursions Need Direction (Chas. Uger, Sch. Exec.) May 202-3. . . . Youth Hosteling (J. J. Cline, Ed, Meth.) ; Shifts in

Teacher's Library

Page 446

The Educational Screen

Attitude Caused by Cartoon Caricatures {R. Aaker-S. Sargent, Jl. Gen. Psych.) June 254. . . . Visual Education and the Museum (E. L. Bilflker, N. Y. Ed.)— Sept. 300. ... A Study of Children's Responses to Geography Pictures [K. E. Vayette, Jl. Geog.) Nov. 388. . . . Use of the Spot Map in Science Clasnes (U. A, Engalrom, Cal. Jl. Sec. Ed.); Three-Dimension Pictures: the Portable Educational Diorama (C. E. McCalferty, Neb. Ed. Jl.) Dec. 431.

Photosrraphy and School-Made Visual Aids

Local Industries Help Make Film Material (11. V. Wood, Occupa- tions); Teaching with School-made Films {W. O. Hart, Scholastic); Lantern Slides Teach Business (A. Selwyn, Nat. Sch.) ; Why Not a Movie? (R. E. Johnson, Design) Jan. 20. . . . Producing a School Movie (L. B, Sands, Sch. Exec.) ; Pupil-Made Lantern Slides (Ctuire Mulville, Conn. Tchr. ) ; Class Makes Movie of "Julius Caesar" (D. B. Cox, Jl. Ark. Ed.) ; Making Lantern Slides (Jack Wright, Cam. Craft) Feb. 66. . . . Learning Safety through Making Movies (W. Q. hart. Safety Ed.) ; Production of School Public Relations Films (S. R. Finch-E. D. Child, Sch. Mgmt.); Filmini; of Classroom Activities Adds Interest (H. U. Diltbrenner, Minn. Jl. Ed.); Camera Club's Contribu- tion to Visual Instruction (ij. E. Brant, Ed.); The Zoo Goes to School (F. W. Trevor, Ed.) Apr. 176. . . . New Developments in Photo- graphy (C. A. Savage, Sch. Sci. & Math.) ; Teaching with a Camera (R. A. Oaiser, N. Y. Ed.) June 252. . . . Evander Produces Its Own Movies (Darid Schneider, High Pts.) Oct. 343. . . .Featuring Photog- raphy (/. B. MacHarg, Nat. Sch.); Composite Stereography (/. P. Foley, .11. Exper. Psych.) Dec. 431.

Photoplay Appreciation and Social Effects of Films

A Unit on Propaganda Analysis (F. A. Gage, Soc. Ed.); Commis- sion on Human Relations : Work and Relation to Defense of De- mocracy (Alice Eeliher, Prog. Ed. )^^an. 30. . . . "Fantasia" and the Children (Mafj Arbuthnot, Child. Ed.) : History in Commercial Motion Pictures (B. T. Solis-Cohen, Soc. Studies) ; "Several Students Had Seen the Picture" (E. W. Uossman, Chgo. Sch. Jl.) Feb. 66. . . . Reilections on Freedom of the Screen (Roy Wenger, Soc. Studies) Sept. 300. . . . How the United Parents Association Regards Radio and Motion Pictures as These Affect Children (Mrs. J. Schechter, High Pts.); Group Discussion Guide (Dept. Sec. Ed. NEA) Oct. 343-345. Recordings and Radio

An Experiment with Phonograph Records (Effie Bathurst, N. Y. Ed.); Recordings: A Significant Aid in Teaching (J. R. lliles-I. Keith Tyler, Scholastic) ; Experience Transcribed (Paul O. Reed), Teacher Training in the Use of Radio (U. V. Bildersee), The Central Sound System in the School (K. O. Bartlelt), Radio tor the Intelligent ( F. E. Bill), Radio the Master Teacher (Janet Conklin) (N. Y. Ed.) June 252-254. . . . Symposium : The Effective Use of Radio in Edu- cation (Sec. Ed.); I Listen to Children (Mae O'Brien, Tchr. Coll. Rec.) ; Calif. Jl. Sec. Ed. Radio issue; Radio-Listening Habits of Jr. High Pupils (R. V. Burkhard), A Secondary School Radio Workshop, (O. M. Allen) (Bull. Natl. Assn. Sec. Sch. Prin.) Sept. 298-300. . . . Education via FM Radio Programs (W . B. Leveneon-L. A. Randall, Sch. Exec.) ; The Library of Congress Radio Research Project (O. T Hariell, A.L..K. Bull.)— Oct. 343. . . . Adapting ttie Radio to the Class- room (A. T. King, Soc. Ed.)— Dec. 431.

Library and Visual Aids

New Aids for Familiar Purpo.ses (Mary Townes, AL.A. Bull.) Jan. Jan. 30. . . . Place of Librarian in Visual Program (Bess Landfear, Cal. Jl.)— Apr. 176.

Sources of Materials

Free or Inexpensive Geographic Materials (F. E. Branom, Chgo. Sch. Jl.); Film Information Service (Bell & Howell)— Jan. 30. . . . Pan-Americana (Lili Heimers) ; Mathematics Films (E. H. BUdebrandt, Math. Tchr.); Living Films: Catalog of Documentary Films and Their Makers; Current Releases of Non-Theatrical Films Mar. 121. . . . Films on War and American Policy (Blake Cochran, Amer. Council Ed); Sources of Inexpensive Teaching Aids (W. O. Bart, News Let- ter) ; Visual and Teaching Aids in the Realm of Biology (M. 0. Cook) May 203. . . . Films Adapted to Teaching Conservation in the Elemen- tary School (U. S. Office Ed.); Sources of Free Teaching Aids (Ruth Holmes) ; Safety Education (Lili Beimers) June 271. . . . Aids for the Spanish Teacher (Lili Heimers) ; Audio-Visual Materials for Junior and Senior High School Reading (K. E. Wheeling-J. A. Hilson) Sept. 300. . . . Sources of Supplementary Materials for Health Instruction (\. M. Mmer-A. B. Steinhaus, Res. Qtrly.) ; Film Guide for Business Teachers (C. Ettinger, Jl. Bus. Ed.); Survey of Motion Picture Equip- ment in Colleges and High Schools (N. D. O olden) ; Sources of Visual Aids for Instructional Use in Schools (U. S. Office Ed.) ; Visual Aids in Vocational Education (F. J. Coyte, Ind. Arts & Voc. Ed.) Oct. 345. . . . Some Audiovisual Aids in Science (J. J. Davis, Va. Jl. Ed.); Problems of American Democracy (J. J. Rellahan) ; Films Made by Community Chests and Councils of Social Agencies; Films Produced by National Social and Health Agencies Dec. 432. Book Reviews

A School Uses Motion Pictures (Tower Hill H. S. staff) Feb. 68 . . . World-Wide Influence of the Cinema (John E. Barley) Mar. 121 . . . American History on Parade (E. J. Casey) ; America at the Movies (Margaret Thorp) May 203. . . .Fun at School (B. F. BoUand-O. M. McDaivel) ; True Comics (Parents' Inst.) June 271. . . . Students Make Motion Pictures (F. E. Brooker-B. B. H errington) ; Motion Pic- tures in a Modern Curriculum (R. BellL. F. CainL. A. Lamoreaux) School Recording Technique (K. S. Tan Dj/fce)- Sept. 300. . . . The Film Index: a BiblioRiaphy (WPA Writers); Producing School Movies (Eleanor Child-Bardy Finch); Implications of the Motion Pic- ture in Education (Mich. Ed. Assn.); Using Visual Aids (West. Wash. Col. Ed.) Oct. 345. . . . How to Make Animated Cartoons (.Vot Falk) Dec. 432.

Experimental Research in Visual Education

(Conducted by Da\id Goon.VfAN) Introduction to department June 255. . . . Theories of Grade Place- ment of Motion Picture Film Materials (Paul Z. Rummell) ; A Critical Analysis of the Use of Educational Motion Pictures (Abraham Krasker) Sept. 302-3. . . . The Production and E.tperimenlal Evaluation of a Series of 16mm Silent Films for Teaching Mathematics in Grade 7A (Dominick Uontelbano) ; Visual-sensory Aids as Materials of Instruction in the Elementary School Systems of New .Tersey (O. W. Wright) Oct. 346-7. . . . Problems in the Use of Instructional Films (E. E. Eirkjtatrick) Nov. 392. . . . Hiah School Science Students Preferences of Illustrative Materials (Carrol C. Ball) Dec. 434.

IN AND FOR THE CLASSROOM

(Conducted by Wilbre Emmkrt)

Expanding the Classroom Jan. 18

Opaque Projecter as One Aid in Teaching General Science (W. B. Durr) Filmstrip Depicts Physical Aspects of Visual Education (WiHiam S. Green) Feb. 72-4

Originally Designed Lantern Slides for Stage Scenery (Anna

J. Thompson ) Apr. 168

Visual Aids and Bird Study (Harriet Kimmel) May 216

NEWS AND NOTES

(Conducted by Josephink Hoffman)

Grant for Motion Picture Research Experiment to Revive Old Photoplays School Broadcast Conference N.Y.U. Film Library More Cooperative Film Libraries Estab- lished^— Use of Modern Art Museum Programs Increasing Series of Local Conferences School Recordings Evalu- ated— Motion Pictures and Defense Activities Jan. 34-37

Southern California Spring Conference Visual Education in Tennessee Visual Aids in Mathematics Demonstrated Museum Free Film Programs Visual Aids in the CCC New Film Courses "Ten Best" 1940 Theatrical

„,^, Films Feb. 82 3, 87

Third Annual Midwestern Forum on Visual Teaching Aids Michigan Visual Conferences Motion Picture Project Studies Maine Cooperative Film Library Information Exchange Service Bureau of Mines Films Go to Latin America American Film Center Grant Mar. 128-30

Audio- Visual Conferences Sound Slide-Films for Experiment- al Use Annual Convention of Non-Theatrical Film Group Library Film Forums Films for Alabama Schools Denver Radio Conference June 258-60

Museum Kodachrome Slide Series Tennessee Colleges to Have Visual Conferences Virginia Audio-Visual Pro- gram— Visual Aids Loaned by Illinois Museum SMPE Fall Meeting Sound Films aid in Defense Training. .Sept. 308-9

Southern Conference on .Vudio-Visual Education District Meetings of Georgia Audio-Visual Group Iowa Visual Conference Architecture of the Home Visualized. .. .Oct. 860-1

Visual Programs at State Teachers Meetings Pasadena ViMial Service Moves Latin-.\merica Cultural Relations Program Disney Studios Produce Training Films. ... Dec. 440-1

SCHOOL-MADE MOTION PICTURES

(Conducted by Hardy R. Finch) Second Conference on Educational Production of Motion Pic- tures Jan. 26

Housing in Flint School Film reports The Motion Picture

Goes to School (booklet) Feb. 78-80

Purdue University Engineering Films, and others Mar. 122-3

Shooting Script of "Gold I Gold I Gold !" Apr. 210

Summary of School Film Production Notes June 256-7

College Program in Motion Picture Production and Writing Making School Movies (booklet) Proceedings of Second Conference on Educational Production of Motion Pictures

Film Reports University-Produced Color Film Sept. 304-6

Film Production on National Council of Teachers of English Program Annual "Make Your Own Movies" Contest

Reports on Films Question Box Oct. 348-61

Suggestions for Camera Clui) Course in Production of School- Made Films Film Reports Question Box Nov. 398-01

Reports on Films Question Box Dec. 436-8

NEW FILMS OF THE MONTH

(Conducted by Don White) Monthly Evaluations of Educational Films by a Teacher Com- mittee, on following pages: Jan. 32-3, Feb. 84. 86, Mar. 124-6, Apr. 178 9, May 212-13, June 262-4, Sept. 310- 11, Oct. 356. 358-9, Nov. 402, 404-5. Dec. 442.

CURRENT FILM NEWS Announcements and brief descriptions of new films, with sources, and of new producing and distributing services, on following pages: Jan. 38, 40— Feb. 88. 90 Mar. 132, 134, 138 Apr. 182 May 220, 222 June 266, 268 Sept. 314, 316 Oct. 362, 366 Nov. 408, 410. Dec. 444.

AMONG THE PRODUCERS

SVE Kodachrome Slide Catalog DeVry Movie News Music Note Pitch Teaching Device Vocational Guidance Slide- film 2x2 Slide Sets Jan. 42

Pictures That Reconstruct the Past Audio-Visual Teaching Aids Shown in New Book Illustrated Reference Material for Classrooms New 35mm Kodak Ektra Color Film Slides on Art Poetrv Records Two B&H Magazine Cameras Now Have 5 Speeds A Bit of DeVry History. Feb. 92, 94 Five Sound Kodascopes Filmstrips on Safety New Picture L^nit on Americanism Developments at Bell & Howell -

Slidefilms for Pilot Training Mar. 136-138

New Erpi Products-New Filmstrip SuW^cts U. S. Specifies Film Conditioning Portable Amplifier System History

of Typewriter in Filmslides Apr. 180

New Recording Firm in Educational Field Da-Lite An- nounces Lower Serpen Prices Presto Turntable May 228

Filmstrips on Vocational Guidance First Two Recorded Lec- tures Released Filmslide on Flag Usage Manual on Opaque Proiection Shakespeare Album Offered by RC.\

DeVry Elects New Officers June 270-1

Keystone Units on the Americas Radiant Screen Enters Educational Field Bell & Howell Slide Master— Slide- films on Art in Sound and Color New Eastman Cnmera .Amnro Tri-Piirpose .-\mnlifier Recordings for Schools Posthumous Honor to Herman A. DeVry Radio Re- cordings Series Sept. 318-9

Victor Arc Lamp Projector Spanish Filmstrips Ampro's New Catalogue Armour Slidefilm Presentation RC.\ .\lbum of English Lyric Verse Minicolor Prints DeVry Pro- cessing Formula Slidefilms for Defense Training Shades for Darkening Classrooms Catalog of Electrical

Transcriptions Oct. 364, 366

Demonstration Set of SVE Kodachromes Color Copying .Serv- ice— Slide on Electrical Transcription Making New

Kodaslide Projector Nov. 410

MISCELLANEOUS Hand-Made Lantern Slides (Ann Gale) Teaching Spelling (Feb. 65); Bird Study (,Tune 243); Current History (Sept. 295) : Travel Stories (Oct. 342); The Story of the Pilgrims (Nov. 390).

Quick-Check Your Slide Sets (William J. Becker) Mar. 127

Summer Courses in Visual and Audio-Visual Instruction

1941 Apr. 162. May 214, June 260

Nebraska Has Visual Education Clinic ANPA Convention. Apr. 167

Third Midwestern Forum on Visual Teaching Aids 170

Films for Sforth Dakota Schools (Belen Walseth) May 201

Visual Education in Rural Schools 201

A Workshop on the Production of Visual Aids 208

A New Source of Visual Material for Teaching the History of

Art (Donald .V. WMber) June 250

News Highlights of 1941 in Castle Film Nov. 407

High Honor Bestowed on Late Herman A. DeVry Dec. 444

Public Library Kansas City. Mo.

Tear' ' •- Library

The EDUCATIONAL SCREEN

THE EDUCATIONAL SCREEN

Staff

Nelson L. Greene - - - Editor-in-Chief

Evelyn J. Baker - Advertising Manager

Josephine Hoffman - Office Manager

Department Editors

WiLBER Emmert - - - - Indiana Pa.

Hardy R. Finch - - Greenwich, Conn. Ann Gale ------ Chicago, 111.

James D. Finn - - - - Greeley, Colo.

Josephine Hoffman - - - Chicago, 111. F. Dean McClusky - Scarborough, N. Y. Etta Schneider - - New York, N. Y. Don White ----- Atlanta, Ga.

Editorial Advisory Board

Ward C. Bowen, Chief, Bureau of Radio and Visual Aids, State Education De- partment, Albany, N. Y.

Marian Evans, Director, Visual Instruction Center, Public Schools, San Diego, aiif.

W. M. Gregory, Director, Educational Mu- seum, Public Schools, Cleveland, Ohio.

J. E. Hansen, Chief, Bureau of Visual Instruction, Extension Division, Uni- versity of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.

J. A. HoLLiNCER, Director, Department of Science and Visualization, Public Schools, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Boyd B. Rakestraw, Assistant Director, Extension Division, University of Cal- ifornia, Berkeley, Calif.

Paul C. Reed, Director, Department of Ra- dio and Visual Education, Board of Education, Rochester, N. Y.

W. Gayle Starnes, in charge of Audio- Visual Aids, Department of University Extension, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Ky.

Lelia Trounger, Secretary, Bureau of Visual Instruction, Extension Division, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colo.

W. W. Whittinghill, Director, Depart- ment of Visual and Radio Education, Board of Education, Detroit, Mich.

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE

Domestic $2.00

Canada $2.25

Foreign $3.00

Single Copies _ .25

VOL. XX

JANUARY, 1941

NUMBER ONE

WHOLE NUMBER 188

Contents

Public Library Kansas City, Wo. Teachers Library

Cover Picture Skiing in the North Woods of Wisconsin

and Upper Michigan (Courtesy Chicago & Northwestern Railroad)

The Nation, Our Campus Alvln B. Roberts 5

Minnesota's Growing Visual Education Service Paul Veblen 9

How to Choose a Still Camera M. Richard Diclcter 1 1

An Assembly Project Developed by School

Photographic Clubs -W. Edgar Glenn and James L. Gordon 13

Motion Pictures Not for Theatres. Arthur Edwin Knows 15

In and For the Classroom Conducted by Wilber Emmert 18

The Literature In Visual Instruction

A Monthly Digest- Conducted by Etta Schneider 20

Among Ourselves Notes from and by The Department of

Visual Instruction Conducted by James D. Finn 21

School-Made Motion Pictures Conducted by Hardy R. Finch 26

New Films of the Month Conducted by Don White 32

News and Notes Conducted by Josephine Hoffman 34

Current Film News '.. 38

Among the Producers 42

Here They Are! A Trade Directory of the Visual Field 44

The EDUCATIONAL SCREEN published monthly except July and August by The Educational Screen, Inc. Publication Office, Pontiac, Illinois; Executive Office, 64 East Lake St., Chicago, Illinois. Entered at the Post Office at Pontiac, Illinois, as Second Class Matter. Address communications to The Educational Screen, 64 East Lake St., Chicago, 111.

Page 4

OUR GIGANTIC FALL CATALOG

of 16 nun Sound and Silent Motion Pictures listed the largest number of these subjects ever gathered under one roof.

But this is not all! Bulletins No. 1 , No. 2, No. 3 and No. 4 are now ready listing hundreds of additional subjects. Among them are the following, outstanding for school use:

Tbe Educational Screen

6 reels 8 reels

5 reels

FEATURES

Adventures of Chico Daniel Boone Tell Tale Heart

(Edgar Allen Poe) The Challenge (Conquest

of the Matterhorn) Our Daily Bread Auld Lang Syne (Life

of Robert Burns) Boys Refornnatory Katherine the Great Elephant Boy Henry the Eighth Rembrandt Scarlet Pinnpernel Things to Come

Also:

Gentleman from Arizona, the

first complete 16 mm feature in natural color 8 reels

TWO-REEL SUBJECTS

Our Monroe Doctrine

Our Declaration of Independence

Our Bill of Rights

The Cause and Immediate Effects of the First World War

8

reels

8

reels

7 reels

6

reels

10

reels

9

reels

10

reels

9 reels

II

reels

10

reels

ONE-REEL

(Geography)

Empire of the Sun

Denmark

Modern Manilla

People of Luzon

Beautiful Baguio

Filipino Farmers

Among the Hardwoods

Golden Fleece

Bushland Revels

What About Sweden Now

Scotland

Florida

California

South America

Come Back to Ireland

Havana

Virginia City

From the film "Our Monroe Doctrine"

SUBJECTS

(Animal Life) Animal Cunning Seeing Eye Return of the Buffalo How to Train Dogs Dog Days Not so Dumb Clever Critters Charms

(Bird Life)

Song Birds of the Northwoods Grey Owl's Little Brother Private Life of the Gannets Born to Die Nature's Songbirds We Live in Two Worlds

(Insect Life) City of Wax Large White or Cabbage Butterfly

(Miscellaneous)

How We Hear Geometry Brought to Life Log Rolling

NEW FOREIGN LANGUAGE SUBJECTS

The Life of Guiseppe Verdi (Italian) 1 0 reels

The Great Light (Italian) 1 0 reels

The Cantor's Son (Yiddish) 10 reels

Silvery Salmon (French) I reel

Let's Go Fishing (French) I reel

Let's Go Fishing (Spanish) I reel

Flying Feet (Spanish) I reel

Send for complete set of Catalogs, including Bulletins No. l,No. 2, No. 3 and No. 4.

IDEAL PICTURES CORPORATION

From the film "Our Bill of Rights"

28 E. Eighth Street Chicago

2402 West Seventh Street Los Angeles, Calif.

January, 1941

. W«»Afji}f«it

The Nation, Our Campus

ALVIN B. ROBERTS

Principal, Haw Creek Township High School, Giison, Illinois

A detailed account of the workings of an elaborate and thoroughly established school-journey program.

WOULD you like to make a 2500 mile tour of the state of Illinois, visiting many of its lead- ing scenic and historic sites, its most im- portant industrial centers, its capital, and many other places of interest ? Or again, would you like to make a 12,000 mile tour of west central, southern, east central, and northeastern United States, visiting not only scenic and historic points, but leading industrial and agricul- tural sections as well? Before answering either of the above questions, remember the only cost to you is board, lodging and entrance fees. Transportation is free !

Each student entering the Haw Creek Townshi]) High School may answer either of the above ((uestions in the affirmative if he wishes to go and his parents give their consent.

The tours covering the state are made in a series of eighteen to twenty or more trips, ranging from a few hours to a full day. It takes the student the full four years to make the eighteen or twenty trips. The long tour is made up of four ten to twelve-day trips, given at the close of the school term. These average approximately 3000 miles each. Since most of the students carry their own lunch on the one-day trips there is practically no expense for meals, and nearly every place visited is free, so there r. ".o expense for entrance fees. The average cost per student on the long tour is twenty-two dollars per trip. This includes meals, lodging, (first class hotels), entrance and guide fees..

It is not the purpose of the author to discuss in this article the value of the field tour, but rather to point out how the entire school curriculum may be enriched through it, and how an extensive program can be de- veloped at an extremely low cost to the Board of Edu- cation and the students.

The tour program of this school is based upon the fundamental psychological principle that the child thinks only in terms of past experiences. Therefore, in order to make the classroom experience more mean- ingful, slides, motion pictures, and tours are used ex- tensively. The motion picture and slide are an excellent

means of preparing the student for the field tour. Mo- tion picture films, slides, and flat pictures serve also as a fine method of reviewing and summarizing the school journey.

There are several factors favoring the further devel- opment of tlie tour program in the schools of our country. They are: (1) good highways. (2) rapid and cheap transportation, (3) favorable public opinion, and (4) cooperation of public and private concerns visited.

The idea of a comprehensive tour program for the students of this High School (average enrollment, 90), came into existence seven years ago when the Board purchased a bus for the transportation of pupils. The Board decided to make the bus available to all teachers for field work. The idea of the long tours was not in- augurated until the spring of 1937. Needless to say, the tour program has been revamped in many respects and is still in the embryonic stage.

When the tour program was first introduced, the in- structors were asked to plan each trip so that the things studied in the field would correlate with the material studied in the classroom. Most of the instructors were well acquainted with places that could be visited. This is one of the major requirements for planning a suc- cessful trip. Each instructor turned in a list of the places he felt he wished each of his classes to visit. He stated the major objectives of each trip, and also the type of preparation he felt was necessary for the stu- dents to get the most from the tour.

From a study of the material turned in, it was de- cided that all trips in the freshman and sophomore years would be open to all students (except the trips in agri- culture) and that all trips in the junior and senior years should be made according to diflferent subject fields. Tours were so distributed as to prevent lop- sided enrollments in elective subjects because of them.

Many of the details in planning the tour are worked out by the students. While this takes longer, it may be justified because the experience is valuable to them. Better cooperation may be expected from the students if they have a part in the planning of the driving sched- ule, lunch, rest stops, etc. A brief study of the follow- ing tours, showing the points of interest and areas studied, reveals a wide variation in the type and nature of the places visited. If one notes also the films used in preparing the students for the various tours, he sees

Page 6

The Educational Screen

that the motion picture and tours correlate very nicely in providing an enriched and varied background of real experience.

Short Tours

/. Galesbiirij Nnvspapcr (Freshman Class Community Civics Conducted by Miss Scudder). Film "From Tree to Newspaper" Study of methods of gathering news, local and foreign ; the personnel ; machines in the composing room ; press in operation ; vocational op- portunities in the field.

//. Galcsburg Post Office (Freshman Class Community Civics Conducted by Miss Scudder). Study of the social and economic value of mail service; various classes of mail ; volume of business ; the personnel ; methods of handling mail, both incoming and outgoing ; op- portunities in the postal service.

///. Galcsburg Sewage Plant (Freshman Class General Science Conducted by Mr. Snyder). Film "Sewage Disposal" Study of machinery ; automatic recording instruments, automatic starting and stopping of equipment ; chemical processes involved in sewage disposal ; governmental services rendered ; interdependence of members of any community and need of group cooperation.

IV. Lezviston Mounds and Strip Mine (Freshman Class General Science Conducted by Mr. Snyder).

Films 'Digging Up the Past," "Bituminous Coal" Study of life and habits of early inhabitants of this area ; research methods involved in obtaining historical information ; ma- chinery used in the field and the tipple; formation of coal, leading into geological history of the area.

V. Keokuk, Colmar, Carthage, Nauvoo (Freshman Class General Science Conducted by Mr. Snyder).

Films "Heat and Light from Electricity," "Evolution of Oil" (Keokuk) generation of electricity; corporations in American industry ; automatic equipment ; engineering and vision required in planning and building such a plant ; physi- cal principles involved in generation of electricity. (Colmar) Oil fields pumps at work; how oil is piped to central station ; small refinery which makes fuel, gas, and kerosene.

(Carthage) The old jail connected with the history of the Mormons.

(Nauvoo) The Joseph Smith home; site of the old Mormon Temple ; other points of interest in connection with the Mormons.

VI. Laura (Sophomore Class Economic Geography Con- ducted by Mr. Snyder).

Advantages of piping oil over other means of transportation ; replacing of man labor by machines; study of Diesel en- gines ; electric generators.

VII. Starved Rock (Sophomore Class World History Con- ducted by Miss Scudder).

Hennepin Canal ; Starved Rock State Park ; Deer Park.

VIII. Springfield and Old Salem (Junior Class American History Conducted by Mr. Roberts).

Films "Abraham Lincoln" (2 reels), "Evolution" (3 reels). (Springfield) State Capitol Building; Houses of Gen- eral Assembly ; dome ; underground passage to Centennial Building; Centennial Museum (Special attention given to the following : display of Indian relics in the North Corridor showing evolution of animals; natural habitat groups, such as the polar bear, deer, etc. ; and the birds, eggs, and nests common in this area) ; Supreme Court Building, Apartment of the Judges; courtroom where judges meet; Lincoln Home; Lincoln Tomb ; Governor's Mansion ; statues of Richard Yates, Pierre Menard, Stephen A. Douglas. (Old Salem) The village made famous by the fact that Lin- coln lived here for a period of seven years ; early pioneer store, saloon, doctor's office, dwellings, plus factories, such as the Cooper show, wheel makers, tanner, etc. ; typical furniture and materials sold by early pioneer stores and shop keepers.

IX. St. Louis (Junior Class Biology Conducted by Mr. Roberts).

Films "From Flower to Fruit," "The Green Plant," "Mon- keys and Apes," "Some Larger Mammals."

Shaw's Botanical Garden Orchid room. Cactus plant. Trop- ical room (including coconut palms, date palms, banana, cof- fee, and rubber plants), Italian garden. Economic garden (rice, tobacco, sugar cane, cotton, broom corn, European methods of fruit growth), home and tomb of Mr. Shaw. Forest Park Zoo Bear pits, seals, reptile house, primate or monkey house, lion house, outdoor group of birds, bird house, outdoor group of animals, giraffe, zebra, kangaroo, raccoon, prairie dogs, etc.

Jefferson Memorial— Statue of Thomas JefTerson, Lindbergh trophies, war relics of the Civil, Spanish-American, and World War period, equipment used by Perry on his dash to the North Pole, Indian relics, costumes of various periods in history from colonial times to the present.

A'. Chicago (JuniorClass— Biology— Conducted by Mr. Roberts). Films "Pueblo Dwellers," "Egypt"